The Earth Alliance is the official government of Earth and its colonies. It is a major galactic power in the twenty-third century.
The Earth Alliance is a multi-tiered democratic republic, governed as a whole through a balance of power between a regionally elected representative body called the Senate, a President who is elected by the Alliance population as a whole, and a Judicial branch. Both the Senate and the President have their offices in the Earth Alliance capitol, which is known as Earthdome. Earthdome is located on Earth in the city of Geneva, Switzerland.
Known Member StatesEdit
- American State
- African Bloc
- Chinese State
- Eastern Bloc
- United Kingdom
- Indian Consortium
- Indonesian Consortium
- The Netherlands
- New Zealand
- Russian Consortium
- South Africa
- United Islamic Nations
- Independent Mars Colony (as of December 2261)
The Earth Alliance was founded in 2085 by the countries of Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada, Ireland, The Netherlands, Japan, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United States in the aftermath of World War III. The founding nations also made great gains in colonizing space by founding bases on Luna and a colony on Mars by 2090.
Rise as a great powerEdit
In the mid-22nd century, contact was made between the Earth Alliance and the Centauri Republic. The Centauri gave the Earth Alliance access to its technology in exchange for some trade agreements. Initially the Earth Alliance used Centauri jumpgates but soon began to build their own. The Earth Alliance experienced a great deal of growth soon after the introduction of new technologies. It began to expand across multiple systems, meeting many new species.
In 2230, the Earth Alliance fought with the League of Non-Aligned Worlds against the Dilgar. A great amount of influence came to the Earth Alliance after coming to the aid of the League worlds. After defeating the Dilgar, the Earth Alliance fell into a period of aggressive expansion which continued until 2245.
After the war with the Dilgar, the Earth Alliance continued to expand until 2245, when first contact was made with the Minbari, in which a cultural misunderstanding ended in disaster. Misinterpreting a sign of respect for a hostile act, an Earthforce ship opened fire on a Minbari cruiser, unleashing a war raged on for almost three years until mankind was beaten back to its home solar system. The last battle of the war was the Battle of the Line, where on the verge of total victory over the Earth Alliance, the Minbari abruptly surrendered under mysterious circumstances.
After the WarEdit
Earthforce undertook a massive research and rebuilding program. Since the Minbari bypassed the majority of Earth's outpost and colonies and headed straight for Earth, this allowed Earth to rebuild very quickly after the war. EarthForce came out of the war much stronger than before, with new ships such as the Omega class destroyer and Warlock. EarthForce after the war was obsessed with gaining new technology and being able to fight the Minbari in the event of another war, and the Minbari stealth system was broken as seen in Season 4 with EarthForce warships locking onto and destroying Minbari/Vorlon White Star ships. Another offshoot of this was the Babylon Project, which was started to prevent another war by allowing different races and cultures to work together in a neutral location towards resolving differences peacefully. With help from the Minbari and several other governments, the stations were constructed. The first three were destroyed by sabotage, and Babylon 4 disappeared mysteriously shortly after coming online. Babylon 5 was constructed and opened in 2257.
Despite the attempts at reaching common ground with other races, an increasing number of xenophobic groups sprouted up all over the Earth Alliance. Groups such as Homeguard began to attack aliens.
Secretly aided by the Psi Corps and the Shadows, Vice President Morgan Clark devised a plan to assassinate President Luis Santiago. In 2258 Santiago was killed when Earthforce One exploded at the transfer point by Io. Shortly after this, Clark assumed the office of the President of the Earth Alliance.
With an increasing hand in policy, the Ministry of Peace and its enforcement arm, Nightwatch soon began to weed out people who were not completely loyal to Clark and his administration. The Earth Alliance continued to take a turn towards an Orwellian-esque government.
Earth Alliance Civil WarEdit
General William Hague, the Chairman of the Earthforce Joint Chiefs of Staff, soon suspected a conspiracy around Santiago's death. This group soon began to expand, as many within started to become skeptical of the events surrounding the death of the President. Evidence was presented to the Earth Senate and coupled with the alien sighting at Ganymede, Clark declared martial law throughout Earth Central, citing threats to Earth security. Shortly afterwards he issued an executive order disbanding the Senate, then when the Senators refused to cooperate, his elite guard opened fire on the Senate building. Meanwhile, Hague and a number of ships rebelled and went on the run, though Hague himself was later killed in action.
On Mars, the provisional government refused to carry out the martial law order. In response, Clark ordered the bombing of civilian targets on the Mars Colony, which in turn prompted the colonies at Proxima III and Orion VII to break away from the Alliance. In an effort to prevent this from going public, the administration took control of the Interstellar Network News, though not before a brief stellar cast was made, telling people of the secessions before they could pull the plug. At the same time, an Earthforce task force was diverted to Babylon 5 with orders to arrest the command staff and put the station under the control of Nightwatch. Babylon 5 joined with Orion VII and Proxima III and declared itself an independent state. The EAS Churchill and EAS Alexander joined Babylon 5 in repelling the assault. The Churchill was destroyed during the engagement and the Loyalist forces were eventually only turned back by the appearance of three Minbari warcruisers, led by Delenn aboard the White Star.
Early in the following year, Clark ordered that Babylon 5 be added to the forbidden list for trade and travel, setting up a blockade and embargo to isolate the station from the Earth Alliance. Warships loyal to Clark opened fire on civilians trying to escape, killing thousands. Sheridan took a fleet of White Stars to Proxima and liberated the colony. As the fleet advanced, more ships would defect to Sheridan's side and join the fight against Clark.
The fleet of defecting Earth Alliance ships traveled to Mars to fight an assembled Clark-loyal fleet commanded by General Robert Lefcourt. With the help of cybernetically modified telepaths, the Clark-loyal fleet of over 30 Omega class destroyers was disabled, thus alllowing Sheridan to head straight for Earth without having to fight. After this, the fleet arrived at Earth and destroyed the weapons platforms that Clark had turned towards Earth in an attempt to destroy the entire population. Although this was not without losses, as many ships where destroyed to the Earth planet defense grid. The Earth defense grid's missile mainly targeted fighters and destroyed many Starfuries and even destroyed a Minbari fighter in a single shot. Clark committed suicide and Susanna Luchenko of the Russian Consortium was named the new President of the Earth Alliance. Shortly after this, Mars was granted its independence.
The Great BurnEdit
see: Great Burn
During the years leading up to 2762, a series of historical events tying into constraint of territorial expansion and mounting anti-alien xenophobia resulted in EarthGov ultimately being split down the middle, in opposition to the the Interstellar Alliance. One faction endorsing secession from the Alliance favored governmental policies resembling fascism and the destruction of entire civilian populations in order to achieve its aims; the other, carrying on the ideals of Captain Sheridan and the Alliance, favoring much more moderate, humanitarian socio-military policies.
This situation came ultimately to a head in 2762 (during the 500th anniversary of the founding of the Alliance), with Earth on the brink of another civil war. The anti-Alliance faction plotted a preemptive military operation against their opposition's nations on Earth and extrasolar colonies. However, due to the actions of a scientist in the anti-Alliance faction involving unleashed artificial intelligence, the pro-Alliance faction was able to launch a preemptive nuclear strike of their own against anti-Alliance military bases. This act, though, would still lead to a greater, all-out thermonuclear conflict on Earth later known as the Great Burn, which would ultimately destroy most of the planet's major cities, and throw civilization back into a medieval, pre-industrial state for centuries to come; the surviving population developing an intense distrust of technology.
The Earth Alliance's future after the Great Burn is completely unknown. It can be presumed that it ceased to have any influence on Earth itself, while it is possible that some offworld colonies managed to survive without Earth itself as a member until it rejoined after the rediscovery of space travel, many centuries later. This explains why Humans are still around as Rangers.
Territory and ColoniesEdit
The Earth Alliance (population est. 15 billion (2258)) is a major galactic power. Outside its homeworld, it has heavily colonized the Sol system as well as a variety of other worlds. According to ISN, by 2259 the Alliance had established dozens of outposts and colonies in fourteen different systems.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Dark Genesis
- ↑ Each Night I Dream of Home
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 And the Rock Cried Out, No Hiding Place
- ↑ GROPOS (episode)
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Deadly Relations - Bester Ascendant
- ↑ Midnight on the Firing Line
- ↑ No Compromises
- ↑ The Official Guide to Babylon 5 (CD ROM)
- ↑ Born to the Purple
- ↑ Rising Star
- ↑ Objects in Motion
- ↑ Ruling from the Tomb
- ↑ Deathwalker
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 In the Beginning
- ↑ The Official Babylon 5 Magazine
- ↑ And Now For a Word
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